About BadrinathCradling comfortably in the Nar and the Narayan mountain ranges in the backdrop of the giant Neelkanth peak (6560m), Badrinath is one of the pious locations of all Hindu shrines. It is one of the holiest places with magnificent and enchanting views of the snow-capped Himalayas. Based at the banks of cascading River Alakananda, Badrinath is a small town and serves as a nagar panchayat in Chamoli district of Uttarakhand state. One of the principal attractions of the town is the famous Badrinath Temple established by the sage and philosopher Adi Sankaracharya. Kedarnath, Yamunotri, Gangotri and Badrinath form the famous Chota Chardham which is considered as the collection of most religious places in Hindu religion.
The name Badrinath has huge significance to the area. Badri means berry which is a fruit found profusely in this area. Nath means Lord. In Sanskrit, Badri is the name for the Indian Jujube tree which is an edible berry fruit.
Badrinath gets its due honor as a major pilgrimage site because of Adi Shankara in the early period of ninth century. The temple till today has retained its magnetism which pulls in millions of devotees from across the country and even the world to this location. In the earlier days people used to walk to the temple raising the steep slopes but nowadays there are several arrangements for a better yatra to the divine temple. The number of pilgrims has also increased down the years with estimated figures of 6,00,000 pilgrims in 2006 in comparison to approx 90,000 of 1961. The Vaishnavites also consider this location as a pious destination. Apart from religious point of view, Badrinath is also a popular spot for adventure lovers who love to trek the gigantic mountains like Neelkanth.
Badrinath TempleIndeed Badrinath temple is one of the major attractions of the town. It is been stated that the temple has brilliant architecture which is truly charismatic. According to the historical background, Rishi Adi Sankara only found a black Saligram stone on the banks of River Alaknanda. The idol resembled Lord Badrinarayan. He initially made a small enshrine for the idol inside a cave near Tapt Kund. It was the king of Garhwal who discovered the idol and made the present temple in the late sixteenth century. The height of the temple is as huge as 50 feet, and there is a small cupola made on the top with the roof made of golden gilt. The structure and architecture has huge resemblance to the Buddhist Vihara temple, a typical style followed by many Buddhist shrines. The interior is designed by intricate carvings.
Mythological Significance of BadrinathBadrinath has been a famous place for years and its mythological importance is felt when mentioned in various Hindu scriptures and even Puranas as Baadari or even as Baadarikashram. It is believed to be the abode of Lord Vishnu, specially its avatar in dual form named as Nara-Narayana.
It is also believed that the waters of River Alaknanda are pure and divine. According to Hindu clan, Goddess Ganga couldn’t witness the pain and suffering for humanity and decided to descend on earth; the force and impact of her was so much that it was difficult for the earth to withstand it, the reason why Goddess Ganga divided its course into two and the other was named Goddess Alaknanda.
Apart from this the pious land of Badrinath has received mention in the popular Hindu mythology Mahabharat where Pandavas on their journey to Heaven crossed the land of Badrinath as well as the town of Mana which falls at a distance of 4km from Badrinath in its northern side. According to the scriptures of Padma Purana the land of Badrinath is extremely pious and it has spiritual treasures.
Geography of BadrinathBadrinath is an integral part of Chamoli district which came into existence in 1960 as an individual revenue district. Not only the district is a popular tourist location for the Badrinath temple it also had some of the best tourist locations in the nearby areas. The district has Pithoragarh in South West, Uttarkashi in North West, Rudraprayag in South-West, Almora in South East and Tehri Garhwal in the West. The exact location of Badrinath town is in the Garhwal hills at an elevation of 3133 meters and it stretches for a total length of 3sqkms. The meridians are 30°42'0"N and 79°29'0"E. It is based at a distance of 301kms from Rishikesh.
Natural Disaster in BadrinathA devastating calamity hit the Uttarakhand state on June 2013. It was a multi-layer cloud burst which resulted into massive floods and landslides which became one of the worst situations in the history of the country after the Tsunami hit in 2004. This disaster led to a huge loss of live and a massive damage to the existing property in the areas affected. The main pilgrimage centers under Char Dham, Kedarnath, Gangotri, Yamunotri and Badrinath all were affected hugely with vast number of devotees stranded in all the pious areas.
Among all places Badrinath is the most affected area. Flood ruined the areas in and around the temple and even stranded the roads leading to the shrine. The houses were evacuated by the National Disaster Management Authority and the town, just after the calamity, turned into a ghost town. People suffered huge losses in terms of asset and the pilgrimage center was closed till repairing works were done. However, the pious shrine was opened in 2014 during the month of May and devotees were allowed to visit again. Usual temple works and pujas have been initiated almost after an year.
Population of BadrinathAs per the census of 2001, Badrinath town had a population of 841 people with 45% female inhabitants and 55% male and around 9% children which falls under the age group of 0 to 6 years. The population of this town supports education and around 89% of the total populations were found literate with 92% male and 86% females.
Demographics of BadrinathSince it is based in the Pauri Garhwal region the local language used in Badrinath is Garhwal. However, people also understand Hindi and English too.
Climate of BadrinathThe summer season is quite pleasant in Badrinath with moderate climate. Visitors can enjoy the area and feel comfortable to roam around in bright sunny days. The average temperature from March to June stays around 180C making it an ideal time for sightseeing. The monsoon season is not at all suitable for travelers since there is a danger of landslides and it becomes difficult to roam around. Many roads are closed and travelers have to spend more time indoors. However, temperature remains, during this time, around 150C but scanty rainfalls remains throughout whole day and stretches for a number of days. July to September is the monsoon season in Badrinath. The winter season is characterized with chilly cold, freezing wind waves and even sometimes snow fall. The temperature may vary from 00C to 50C. However, the temple remains closed during this time.
Administration of BadrinathAdministration of Badrinath is looked after by the Nagar Panchyat office under Chamoli district. It is the duty of the office to look after the overall facilities and requirement of the area. Sanitation, waste management, water supply, drainage, street lights, road repair all falls under the jurisdiction of this department.
To control social turmoil and criminal activities in the area there is the presence of police administration in Badrinath who looks after the maintaining of law and order in the area.
Badrinath Police Chowki
Phone: 01381 222203
Chamoli Police Station
Phone: 01372 262306
Economy of BadrinathBadrinath is a part of Chamoli district which has been declared by the Ministry of Panchyat Raj in 2006 as one of the most backward districts of the country. In Uttrakhand, there are three such backward districts of which Chamoli is one and it receives fund from Backward Regions Grant Fund Program.
As for Badrinath, the main mode of economy here is tourism industry. Many people have their business activities centered on the tourism industries or the functions of the temple. Apart from this agriculture is the business which supports economy of the area. The major crops yielded in this region include rice, potato, pulses, wheat, maize, barley, etc. However, there are much constraints too in the agricultural activity of which versatile climatic condition is a major restraint. The total part of agricultural land is much less considering the total area of forested land in Badrinath which also affects a lot. Unemployment and unavailability of industries is the major problem in this area.
Culture of BadrinathThe culture of Badrinath is extremely strong. There is a distinctive feature in every aspect of the people here. Be it the houses they built or the style of cuisines they prefer, the dresses they wear specially suited for the climate or the jewelries worn by the ladies here all are quite unique as compared to other parts of the country. The sentiment of the crowd here majorly focuses on religious traditions and customs. All the fairs and festivals celebrated here are based on rituals maintained for years or it is occasion centered.
Festivals of BadrinathFestivals are the most important part and a distinctive feature in the lives of the people of Badrinath. In the monotonous schedules of everyday life, the festivals bring a fresh air and are celebrated grandly here. Some of the prominent festivals in this region include Ram Navami, Nag Panchami, Raksha Bandhan, Janmashtami, Dushera, Diwali, Makar Sankranti, Shivratri and Holi.
Food in BadrinathThe cuisines available in Badrinath are simple and there is nothing unique, though they are extremely tasty. Most of the food joints serve North Indian food along with some major Chinese dishes which are also available at selected shops. The options for food stalls are also limited providing tourists with not many choices. Since this is a religious place there is no availability of non-vegetarian dishes and narcotics and alcohol are strictly not allowed.
However, there are some popular hotels in Badrinath which have elaborate restaurants which do provide a lot of choice in the vegetarian dishes and other food items. The meals usually available at local areas include rice, wheat, pulses, vegetable and use of lot of spices and ghee. Potato curry with rice and chapatti are one of the preferred dishes of the locals.
Healthcare Facilities in BadrinathBadrinath is a small town with quite a few medical facilities. It is devoid of any modern day medical treatment facilities and only few doctors are available here. It has only one health center with more than twenty beds and a dispensary for necessary medication. The latter was initiated by the Badrinath Mandir Committee for the benefit of people of the town. Though the town has not many medical stores the one mentioned below has sufficient stocks of all kinds of allopathy medicines in Badrinath.
Shimandar Medical And General Stores
Shop No 89, Badrinath Ho, Badrinath Uttarakhand 246422
However, for any serious emergency one can visit any one of the two district hospitals, one is Gopeshwar and the other is Chamoli. All major medical treatments are available at these locations.
Shopping in BadrinathShopping can always be an entertaining activity at any place. In Badrinath, however, the options shopping is quite limited. Inhabitants here, sometimes, don’t get their necessary items too. But the best things available here which can be carried as a token of visit are the exclusive trinkets and the styled small souvenirs. It is a fact that the town sells a lot of variety in these souvenirs but the most popular ones are the “Salgram Silas” which is believed to be the sacred stone of God Vishnu. These souvenirs by far are most admired and pocketed by all tourists.
The next most popular item available in Badrinath is the exclusive styled woolen garments for both males and females. Woolen coats are a best purchase here since those are cheaper but made with authentic wool and with excellent knitting. The local items are even best for the severe weathers like in Badrinath and it is a profitable purchase in regards to price. One can even buy woolen caps, scarfs, socks, slippers and gloves as a fashionable yet useful product. Apart from woolen garments there are a lot of shops selling excellent wool for knitting. There are various quality wools available with prices ranging from low to high. These wools can also be bought for a designer garment made on own.
Brass items are also quite popular here. Several small home décor items made of brass are available in this town. And the products are even quite cheap here.
The town Badrinath has a lot of forested land in its nearby area where there many medicinal herbs to protect from the various diseases. In fact, there are educated and senior people who are aware of these herbs and can make excellent ayurvedic products for various curing and nourishment purposes. For the people who prefer to use herbal products for their health and skin can opt for these products available at various stalls of the markets in Badrinath.
Utilities and Services in BadrinathSince Badrinath is a small town in the Chamoli district, there remains absence of a lot of essential services which may make the area more habitable and comfortable to stay. Though there is availability of majority of services like water, electricity, administration help, banking etc, there are also a lot of unavailable facilities which are a part of urbanized or a little moderate society.
Banks in BadrinathBanking is an essential medium and the pillar of economy in a place. For every individual it is a medium of securing their savings and investing money for positive returns. It is also a place to fetch financial aid in terms of loans and mortgages. In Badrinath, there is only one nationalized bank operating in the area.
State Bank of India
IFSC code: SBIN0015139
MICR Code: Non-Micr
Branch Code: 15139
Badrinath Ho, Chamoli
Post Office in BadrinathPost office services are an important service for goods delivery with the rest of the country. With secure and speedy deliveries, post office is one of the primary choices for sending goods across the country. In Badrinath there are post offices which work at its best to fulfill their duties.
Post Office: Badrinath Seasonal
Post Office Type: Sub Office
Post Office Badrinath Seasonal, Chamoli, Uttarakhand 246422
Post Office: Hanuman Chatti
Post Office Type: Branch Office
Post Office Hanuman Chatti, Chamoli, Uttarakhand 246422
Post Office: Mana
Post Office Type: Branch Office
Post Office Mana, Chamoli, Uttarakhand 246422
Courier Service in BadrinathCourier services are private services for delivering goods to various international and domestic locations. They are faster and professional in their approach which makes them a popular choice for all. In Badrinath, there are not many courier companies except one which serves the whole town excellently.
Near Bus stand,Badrinath Ho
Chamoli, Uttarakhand 246422
Phone: 9259458126, 8006239822
Pandits in BadrinathSince Badrinath is a religious town, there is a huge demand of Pujaris or pandits in this area. Even many are engaged in the profession from the locality itself. They serve the devotees by organizing puja works for them and helping them in having the best darshan experience in the temples. Some of the respected and well known pundits here are:
Munna Lal Todariya
Badrinath HO, Deopryag Garhwal Badrinath Uttarakhand 246422
Phone: 9410126675, 9837978415
Badri Puja Grah
Badrinath Mandir, Badrinath HO, Badrinath Uttarakhand 246422
Phone: 9412965176, 01381 222256
PT Mukand Ram Sudhir Kumar Dobhal
Badrinath HO, Ishwar Bhawan
Nr Bajan Asram, Taxi Stand, Badrinath Uttarakhand 246422
Phone: 8979106932, 9456579862, 9456304752
Bhagwati Prasad Kotiyaal
Shree Badrinath Taxi Stand, Badrinath Ho, Badrinath Uttarakhand 246422
Phone: 9411389205, 9997245168
Pandit Bhagwati Prasad Praful Panchbheya
Neelkanth Colony, Shri Badrinath Dham
Distt. Chamoli, Badrinath Uttarakhand 246422
Phone: 9412477527, 8126880916
Pandit Kishori LAL Panchbheya
Neelkanth Colony, Shree Badrinath Dham
Distt. Chamoli, Badrinath Uttarakhand 246422
Phone: 8126272315, 9634004835
Society in BadrinathBadrinath is a place filled with people who are socially and economically backward classes of people. And also with the recent flood disaster in the area, the people has suffered huge losses which is also a set back to their minds and their way of living. To facilitate the people of the area with all necessary arrangements and to help them with proper knowledge and training to fetch a better life is the sole motive of the NGO or the non-profitable organizations operating in Badrinath. Women empowerment, child education, awareness on health issues, self help programs are some of the important agenda of these NGOs.
Badrinath does not have offices of NGOs based in the city but it has many working in the area. Some of these NGOs include:
Aadarsh samaj Seva Sikhsha Samiti
Chamoli, Uttarakhand 246401
Email : email@example.com
Jakeshwar Sikshan Sansthan
Near Petrol Pump, Gopeshwar
Chamoli Uttarakhand 246401
Phone: 01372 253512
Apart from this there are other NGOs which are based outside the state but serve Badrinath. Some of them are listed below:
Rajinder Singh Beeti Yatra Sangthan
Phone: 9212718986, 9212718985
Radhe Krishna Gau Seva Samiti
Phone: 9878086019, 7814123454
Phone: 9443824411, 9367760606
Padhmam Blind Welfare & Chartiable Trust
Phone: 8056476316, 9444168100
Sports in BadrinathSports activity in Badrinath is much limited. Due to extreme weather indoor games are popular. However, adventurous activities like trekking, paragliding, mountaineering, rock climbing etc. are quite popular in these areas. Even these sports are a major attraction for the tourists.
Tourist Places in BadrinathBadrinath is one of the famous pilgrimage centers of the country. The main attraction of this town is the Badrinath Temple dedicated to Lord Vishnu. Apart from exploring the brilliance of the temple, one can also travel around and enjoy the sight of beautiful Alaknanda which is again one of the holiest rivers according to Hindu scriptures. Tapt Kund, a thermal hot spring based near the temple, is considered to be having pious waters with exceptional medicinal properties, able to heal a lot of physical ailments. The gigantic snow-capped Neelkanth peak is another attraction best viewed from Badrinath.
From Badrinath one can visit the Panch Prayag which includes Devprayag, Rudraprayag, Nandprayag, Karnaprayag and Vishnuprayag. These are a collection of popular shrines of the country visited by thousands of pilgrims each year. Traveling from Badrinath to these places are much easier. Mata Murthi Temple dedicated to the mother of Sri Badrinath is also present in the town and is a good site to visit. At a distance of 34km from Badrinath lies the last village of the country named Mana, which is mostly inhabited by the Indo-Mongolian tribes. The village has its reference in Hindu mythology. Click here to read more on tourist places in Badrinath
Transport Facilities in BadrinathTransport services of Badrinath have been made quite better in the recent years. One can travel to Badrinath with all major modes of transport.
Jolly Grant Airport, in Dehradun, is the nearest airport to Badrinath which is based at a distance of 314 kms. There are excellent road connectivity and rental taxis available to travel the road to airport at reasonable rates. Jolly Grant Airport again is one of the well connected airports of the country having flights to many major states and cities of the country. It has frequent flights to Delhi airport from where international destinations can also be connected.
One can also travel to Badrinath through railways. The nearest railway station to Badrinath is Rishikesh station under the Moradabad division. The railway station is based at a distance of 295 kms from Badrinath and can be reached through rental taxis travelling on excellent roads of NH58. Rishikesh station is well connected to many prominent stations of the country like Delhi, Haridwar, Jammu Tawi, etc. However, there are other railway stations too from where one can avail direct buses or private taxis to Badrinath. Some of these railway stations are Joshimath, Chamoli, Rudraprayag, Srinagar, etc.
The best way to travel to Badrinath is through the excellent roadways. Major destinations of state Uttarakhand are connected to Badrinath through these excellent roads. Apart from UTC buses or Uttarakhand State Transportation buses which have special tour packages to Badrinath there are GMOU buses or the Garhwal Motor Owners Union Ltd buses which have buses to Badrinath for the locals and the tourists. They also have tour packages to Badrinath along with Kedarnath, Rishikesh, Haridwar etc.
Car Travel is also quite comfortable to Badrinath. There are several car rental agencies which have services to Badrinath along with nearby areas. Most of the companies have package tours which can be booked for multiple places. The rates are quite reasonable, however, there are plenty of car rental companies and one can take quotes from two or more and then finalize a good deal. It is also much important to check thoroughly the integrity and reputation of the rental agency for a professional and safe service.
Apart from all these above modes of travel to Badrinath, there is one more way to visit the excellent location and that is through helicopter services available from two locations Delhi and Dehradun. There are some reputed aviation companies who initiate the tours. The first route is Dehradun-Badrinath-Dehradun where the package is for same day tour and it includes 4 people at a cost of 2.25 lacs. There would be 20,000 rupees extra if a night halt is included in it. And the second route is Delhi-Badrinath-Delhi, where also the package is of same day tour for 4 persons with a charge of Rs 4 lacs. In this case also night halt charges will be same. There are exclusive websites which do online booking for such helicopter packages. The advantage of this kind of travel is that one can get an eagle eye view of the exotic and enchanting Himalayas and save lot of time and energy along with visiting the pious shrine.
The distance chart of Badrinath from the major locations in the nearby areas are given below for reference.
- Badrinath to Delhi : 534kms
- Badrinath to Rishikesh – 294kms
- Badrinath to Gopeshwar – 101kms
- Badrinath to Haridwar – 319ms
- Badrinath to New Tehri – 246kms
- Badrinath to Joshimath – 46kms
- Badrinath to Mussoorie – 320kms
- Badrinath to Chamba – 361kms
- Badrinath to Devprayag – 124kms
- Badrinath to Dehradun– 320kms
- Badrinath to Srinagar – 191kms
- Badrinath to Meerut – 462kms
- Badrinath to Rudraprayag – 114kms
In a nutshell, Badrinath is a pious location visited by many pilgrims across the world. In fact, it is a place believed by many religions irrespective of caste and creed. Indeed it is not the best facilitated and best communicable area but all the necessary facilities are present here for devotees to come and seek the blessings of Lord Vishnu.
Quick Facts About BadrinathArea : 3sqkm
Languages Hindi, Garwali
Pin Code 246422
Famous For - Pilgrim
Best Season April to June
Std Code - 01381
Altitude - 3133 m
Weather - Summer 12-18°C, Winter 0-5°C